Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is estimated to affect 1 in every 110 individuals.

ASD is characterised by impairments in

  • social interaction
  • social communication
  • imagination and social understanding

Diagnostic Guidelines

Gold standard diagnostic practice for Autism Spectrum Disorder


Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network

http://www.sign.ac.uk/pdf/sign98.pdf


National Institute for Health & Care Excellence

http://www.nice.org.uk/nicemedia/live/13572/56428/56428.pdf

http://www.nice.org.uk/nicemedia/live/13774/59685/59685.pdf


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Diagnosis, Approaches & Outcomes

Diagnosis of ASD

Diagnosis conducted by the appropriate professionals requires the dismissal of alternative explanations of difficulties or differences experienced; and identification of the qualitative impairments and symptoms associated with ASD. Diagnosis is sometimes a lengthy process and is often particularly difficult in intelligent adults whose symptoms are sometimes subtle. The outcome for individuals is generally improved the earlier a diagnosis is made and appropriate response to the individuals experience is begun.

Approaches to ASD

There are a wide variety of supports and interventions employed to assist people with ASD who require them (not everyone with ASD requires or wants support). Many approaches are behavioural and are based on an understanding of the individual experience of ASD, and how they experience the world. Other approaches involve, for example, dietary interventions, sensory related therapies or medications. Not all approaches are scientifically proven to be effective for people with ASD, and, considering the individual nature of the ASD experience, any supports or interventions should be highly individualized after careful consideration of their appropriateness.  

More on Approaches and Treatments.

Outcomes for People with ASD

The variable abilities of and wide range in severity of symptoms is reflected in the significantly variable outcome for individuals with ASD. People with ASD with significant learning disabilities will often require a high level of support long term, but they may also be able to achieve relative independence and contribute to society, for example by gaining meaningful employment. People with ASD, including those with Aspergers Syndrome, whose intelligence and verbal ability is not significantly impaired, often become successfully employed and achieve significant independence in other areas of their life. For many, the outcome is influenced by the understanding response of others around them, the efficacy of support or interventions, and their own personality response to their difficulties.

Who we work with


  • Individuals 
  • NHS & local authorities
  • Criminal Justice and Solicitors in Mental Health 
  • Voluntary sector 
  • Families & carers
autism consultant scotland